Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer has symptoms, however these symptoms are sometimes understated or thought as regular health issues. Possible symptoms of cervical cancer include:
- Abnormal bleeding
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Pelvic pain not related to menstrual cycle
- Bleeding after pelvical examination
- Bleeding after entering menopause
- Bleeding between menstrual cycle
- Pain while urinating
- Having to urinate frequently
What is the Cervix?
The lower portion of the uterus is called the cervix. It connects the uterus to the vagina. It is about five centimeters long, and has a tubular shape. During the childbirth the cervix widens for the passage of the baby. Also sperm needs to travel through the cervix for reaching the uterus.
What is HPV?
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most commonly sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Almost 99% of cervical cancers are caused by HPV, if the cells in the cervix become enlarged, cervical cancer can occur. There are 100 types of diagnosable HPV, but most types of HPV are considered low risk for cervical cancer. However, two types are considered high risk, HPV-16 and HPV-18. HPV is so common, that it is said nearly all sexually active men and women will get the virus at some point in their lives. Regular screening for HPV can help prevent cervical cancer. PAP and HPV tests are available for women that want to be screened.